- Architects: brro arquitetos
- Location: Ubatuba, Brazil
- Architect In Charge: Bruno Rossi
- Area: 190.0 m2
- Project Year: 2017
- Photographs: André Scarpa
- Interior Designer: Manaa arquitetura
- Wooden Structure Assembly: Ita Construtora
- Structural Project: Gil Chinellato
- Electrical And Hydraulical Project: RR Engenharia de instalações
- Lightning Consultant: Ricardo Heder
- Construction: Empreiteiro Adonias
- Interior Production: Zacche Home
Text description provided by the architects. The beach house of Prumirim is located in the northern coast of the São Paulo state - Brasil, it is laid out among the thick Atlantic woods of the Sao Paulo shoreline, a few meters from the sea. Due to the plentiful woods, the house implementation faces big limitations within the removal of threes. Keeping this in mind, creating engaging social areas became the focal point for the architectural project, that happened through the creation of patios that connect the spaces in the house benefiting from great openings, bringing the green woods inside, like a cabin open to the plant life.© André Scarpa Ground Floor Plan © André Scarpa
The project intended the house to be a vacation retreat for the couple and their 3 children as well as the main home for the couple to enjoy retirement among the natural landscape. So the 100 m2 main floor holds all the essential functions of the house, and the master bedroom, a patio unites the dining room, living room, and kitchen, it is double footed so it enhances the light, ventilation, and visibility of the woods, like a big porch open to the sea air. The three bedrooms for their children and bathrooms are located on the upper floor, due to the legal necessities of having a compact floor plan.© André Scarpa Upper Floor Plan © André Scarpa
Because this is a beach property, there were a few issues to be considered in the structural project, like the proximity to the woods, hot and humid climate, a trait of the São Paulo coastal line, and the local labor of big part of the structure and infrastructure. Addressing this concerns, a conventional concrete and brick structure was adopted for the biggest wing of the house (containing the rooms, kitchen, and bathrooms), ensuring the expertise of the local labor and the material’s thermal load. Supported by this solid wing, a large wooden roof structure was developed, reinforced by three pillars of the same material.© André Scarpa
The option for a laminated wooden structure, produced by the construction company ITA, prepared at its factory and assembled at the site, occurred due to its capability of covering ample span, resistance, interlock precision, swift assembly and for being able to meet the expectations imagined for a beach house. The thermal quality of the areas inside the house is possible because of the solid brick, the thermoacoustic shingle and above all, the permanent openings created by the window frames and blinds.© André Scarpa
The northeast façade is composed inglass, it has a protective screen acting as a blind. Whereas the northeast façade has wooden blinds, that were also created by local labor and materials. As a result, the project explores the possibilities of different construction and structural methods, letting the materials shine on their own, harmonizing with the site’s surroundings, and elevating the connection between each room of the house and the preexisting woods.© André Scarpa
Stefano Boeri has used his guest speech at the New York Times Cities of Tomorrow forum to focus on the role that green and urban forests can have in improving the quality of life and air in cities around the world. Speaking at the event in New Orleans, the acclaimed architect highlighted the impact of carbon emissions produced by buildings, while also stressing the potential for architects to use the built environment as a vehicle for positive social and environmental change.
Drawing from experiences such as the Tirana 2030 masterplan and the Bosco Verticale in Milan, Boeri suggested that “cities have the resources and the potential to become protagonists of a radical change aimed at countering the dramatic effects [of carbon emissions] becoming greener, healthier, and more integrated.”© Stefano Boeri Architetti
A tree in the city, a tree of mature age, alone produces 110 kilos of oxygen each year; and it absorbs hundreds of grams of that invisible poison produced above all by the traffic that enters our lungs every day. But above all, a tree in the city absorbs about 400 kilos of carbon dioxide each year. Multiply the number of trees and other plants in the cities of the world, bring living nature not only in the courtyards and along the avenues but even on the facades and roofs of houses, schools, museums, shopping centers, are no longer just gestures of healthy ecology, good intentions of small minorities sensitive to the environment. These are necessary choices if we want our cities to become the protagonists of a challenge that every day becomes more difficult, but that is still open: to try, if not to stop, at least to slow the global warming.
The underlying message from Boeri speech was the need to challenge rising CO2 levels at their source: cities. He cited the Tirana 2030 masterplan, where the architect is set to transform the Albanian capital using a system of green corridors. To prevent urban sprawl, an orbital forest of two million new trees will encircle Tirana, dictating that new development takes place along historic central paths. The plan will see a tripling of green space in the city center, through two green rings suitable for walking and cycling, and a large natural oasis around Lake Farka.© Stefano Boeri Architetti
While the Tirana 2030 scheme focuses on the impact of urban intervention on a city-wide scale, Boeri also used the forum to stress the potential of vertical forests, “bringing living nature on the facades of our buildings.” Coupling as an anti-sprawl device and urban forestry device, the firm’s Milan Bosco Verticale incorporates the equivalent of two hectares of forest in a concentrated 1500 square meter surface.© Stefano Boeri Architetti
Boeri has plans to export the lessons from the Milan scheme to cities across the world, such as a timber vertical forest in Paris, and a prefabricated scheme in Eindhoven.
In China, considering that Shanghai and Bejing are among the most polluted cities in the world, there is a great attention growing around the theme of bringing nature inside urban contexts and even more on how to build new sustainable, green cities. The idea of Forest City we are developing in Liuzhou, Lishui and Chinese regions lays on the aim of creating medium – size establishments which integrate trees and plants on both horizontal and vertical urban surfaces.
Promoted by the New York Times, the Cities of Tomorrow Forum brings together politicians, mayors, entrepreneurs, managers, scholars and journalists to anticipate and compare the great challenges that the cities of the world will have to face in the coming years; starting from the effects of climate change, from innovation in urban transportation and from the dramatic themes of poverty and urban solitude.
In 1925, Italian designer Armando Brasini created a sweeping masterplan to transform the Albanian capital city of Tirana. Almost one hundred years later, the Tirana 2030 (TR030) Local Plan by Italian firm Stefano Boeri Architetti has been approved by Tirana City Council.
Completed in 2014 in Milan, Italy. Images by Laura Cionci, Stefano Boeri Architetti. The first example of a 'Vertical Forest' (il Bosco Verticale) was inaugurated in October 2014 in Milan in the Porta Nuova Isola area, as part of a...
- Architects: Valentina Ceballos Fuentealba
- Location: Reserva Nacional Federico Albert Faupp, Chanco, Región del Maule, Chile
- Area: 46.0 m2
- Project Year: 2018
- Photographs: Germán Valenzuela Buccolini
- Professor Guide: Germán Valenzuela Buccolini
- Collaborators: Mirta Fuentealba, Irlanda Ceballos, Eduardo Arzola, Fernando Campos, Jose Parra, Aliro Ceballos, Adliro Ceballos
- Client: CONAF (Corporación Nacional Forestal)
- Financing: Fondo VDE - Universidad de Talca, Donaciones Privadas, CONAF, Municipalidad de Chanco
- Cost: $ 943.485 CLP
Laguna del Toro Memorial is located inside the Federico Albert National Reserve in the municipality of Chanco, Maule Region, Chile. This a work that links to its territorial importance its modifications throughout time, its identity and its habitability, which makes local references to stories and legends that sharpen the mysticism in the area and in particular, the intervened place.
Chanco is a coastal strip removed from the sea to product of the advancement of the dunes, which buried much of the agricultural area and villages near the edge at the end of the eighteenth century. In 1900, a German botanist named Federico Albert arrived who made tree plantations, among them fast-growing species such as pines and eucalyptus, stopping the advancement of the dunes. A fact that transformed the way of inhabiting the town and gave rise to the reserve. The geographical position and the figure of Federico Albert have relevance for the community, since it conditions and enhances the value of the cultural landscape through its story and occupation.
It is located inside the reserve, specifically in the "Laguna del Toro". The reading of the place reveals an asymmetric geometry. The most important aspect of this space is its scenic beauty it is the clearing in the forest. It is also the place that has the greatest history inside the park since it narrates a legend called “El Cuero”. On the other hand, it reflects the carelessness and excessive use of natural goods, which has modified the soil, leaving a pit of sand as a product of the drying of the body of water.
The descent towards the ditch and the lagoon has spaces with mobility and flexibity, contemplates varied arrivals and level differences, an enveloping journey that invisibilizes the water.Exploded Isometric
"I'm always fascinated by well-placed objects. I think of the buildings that rise like sculptures in the landscape and seem to have emerged from it."
Zumthor refers to a work as a necessary disturbance so that the new piece fits and takes root in the place where it is received. For this very reason, the architecture of this project starts from the conception of the transformation of the place and its parts as a formwork to this changing irregularity, referring to the sandy soil that carries with it the history of the place, the passage of time, and the footprint of the visitor.
This work generates a meeting and a previous experience under a leafy forest, visibilizing and approaching the lagoon through its access. It allows us to understand this space and its cultural context, as well as to inhabit and contain the sandy edge. The project seeks to be, walk, observe, and try to relive that feeling of being submerged.
Are three elements that rest on the sand, a vertical and inclined axis, to insinuate the descent, another similar body. Both give support and containment to the edge with a pine wood framework, the third is a rock, which marks a point of incidence between both volumes, and forms the podium of the project. The others contain steel stripes, written from the myth of the lagoon, which tell the story of the place and make up the only horizontal plane of the work.Cortesía de Valentina Ceballos Fuentealba
“A drawing should be a key to the understanding of architecture – what is there to like or dislike, where do architects’ ideas come from, how do these ideas make it to paper, and what is important in this process.” - Sergei Tchoban
For the past month the Russian-German architect, artist, and collector Sergei Tchoban has been the focus of the exhibition, Sergei Tchoban: Drawing Buildings/Building Drawings, bringing together fifty of the architect’s large-scale urban fantasy drawings. These drawings, while intriguing for their technical and artistic value, also reflect Tchoban's deeply personal contemplations about the past, present, and future of his favorite cities - Saint Petersburg, Rome, Amsterdam, Venice, Berlin, New York – along with in-depth documentation of five realized projects (two museums, two exhibition pavilions, and a theater stage design.)© Courtesy of Sergei Tchoban
”Many of us will name Paris, Venice, Rome, or Saint Petersburg, my hometown, as our favorite cities…" explains Tchoban. "I also like London and Milan where contemporaneity plays an important and contrasting role in its dialogue with historical fabric. There are numerous theories about Modernist and contemporary architecture, but we rarely reflect on what role this architecture may play in the totality of a historical city.”
The show traces the design process and highlights the architect’s intentions behind his searching architecture. Tchoban is questioning his own impact on some of these cities. His passion for architecture is guided primarily by urban mise-en-scène settings that he enjoys and captures on paper in his frequent travels. “I have a very straightforward attitude toward architecture," Tchoban explains. "I always ask one simple question – would I want to draw one of my own projects or my colleagues’ projects?”© Shi Jiaxin
This particular view of architecture has imbued his work at every scale, from towers that dot the Moscow landscape to even stage sets. But while it is common for architects to work across scales, the move is typically one that goes from large to small. Tchoban's view of architecture as a set piece, rather than an object in itself bucks this trend, and puts people genuinely at the heart of the work.
“We are free not to look at paintings, but we cannot avoid looking at architecture; architecture should be beautiful," says Tchoban. "I associate beauty with such notions as tension, complexity, and contradiction. Moreover, it is the harmony of contrasts and contradictions, and not only similarities that could be considered as beauty.”
The exhibition, on show at the Gallery of Shanghai Study Center (HKU) from 02 November - 16 December 2018, was curated by Vladimir Belogolvsky, founder of the City of Ideas series. You can find more information about the exhibition here.
Museum for Rural Labor, Zvizzhi village, Kaluga region, Russia, 2015© Dmitry Chebanenko
Architect/Designer: Sergei Tchoban, Agniya Sterligova
Museum for Architectural Drawing, Berlin, Germany, 2013© Roland Halbe
Architect: Sergei Tchoban, Sergey Kuznetsov, SPEECH
Russia Pavilion, EXPO 2015, Milan, Italy, 2015© Roland Halbe
Architect: Sergei Tchoban, Alexei Ilyin, Marina Kuznetskaya, SPEECH
Russian Pavilion, 13th Venice Architecture Biennale, Venice, Italy, 2012© Patricia Parinejad
Theme: i-city / i-land, Special Mention
Curator: Sergei Tchoban
Co-curators: Sergey Kuznetsov, Valeria Kashirina
Stage design for “The Bright Way. 1917” play, Moscow Art Theater, 2017© Vasily Bulanov
Director: Alexander Molochnikov
Stage and set design: Sergei Tchoban, Agniya Sterligova
SERGEI TCHOBAN (b.1962, Saint Petersburg, Russia) graduated from the Repin Institute for Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture at the Russian Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg in 1986. He is managing partner of the Berlin office of TCHOBAN VOSS Architekten and of the architectural office SPEECH in Moscow. In 2008, together with Sergey Kuznetsov, Tchoban started the namesake architectural magazine. The Tchoban Foundation was initiated in 2009 to celebrate the art of drawing through exhibitions and publications. The Foundation’s Museum for Architectural Drawings was built in Berlin in 2013. Among the architect’s other built works are the Federation Tower in Moscow, DomAquarée in Berlin, and Russia’s Milan Expo 2015 Pavilion. Tchoban served as curator of the Russian Pavilion at the Venice Architecture Biennales in 2010 and 2012 (Special Mention), and was named Russia’s Architect of the Year in 2012. He won the 2018 European Prize for Architecture by the European Centre and The Chicago Athenaeum.
VLADIMIR BELOGOLOVSKY is the founder of the New York-based non-profit Curatorial Project. Trained as an architect at Cooper Union in New York, he has written five books, including Conversations with Architects in the Age of Celebrity (DOM, 2015), Harry Seidler: LIFEWORK (Rizzoli, 2014), and Soviet Modernism: 1955-1985(TATLIN, 2010). Among his numerous exhibitions: Anthony Ames: Object-Type Landscapes at Casa Curutchet, La Plata, Argentina (2015); Colombia: Transformed (American Tour, 2013-15); Harry Seidler: Painting Toward Architecture (world tour since 2012); and Chess Game for Russian Pavilion at the 11th Venice Architecture Biennale (2008). Belogolovsky is the American correspondent for Berlin-based architectural journal SPEECH and he has lectured at universities and museums in more than 20 countries.
- Architects: Pablo Gagliardo, María Eugenia Díaz
- Location: Rosario, Argentina
- Area: 370.0 m2
- Project Year: 2013
- Photographs: Ramiro Sosa
- Collaborators: Marcelo Díaz Romero, Lucía Galfione, Sebastián Larpin
- Structural Calculations: Sergio Faci, Federico Zegna Rata
Text description provided by the architects. Detached house located in Fisherton, a mainly residential neighborhood a few kilometers from the center of the city of Rosario, Argentina. The land, a 20 x 60 m lot in a regular trace, has the distinction of being the finish of an urban passage. Besides, it is located between two lots with some strong elements that conditioned the implementation of the house. To the east, a built-up dividing wall constituting a quite rigid boundary, and west, a garden with abundant grove, generating a blurred division of vegetation. The project is proposed in order to take advantage of this situation, leaning on the dividing wall built and respecting a large existing tree, opening the environments towards the interior of the lot and integrating them with the existing vegetation.© Ramiro Sosa Floor Plans © Ramiro Sosa
The front of the house, south oriented, is closed and private; while the program opens to the interior, orienting all social areas to the north and regulating the privacy of the living spaces. The use of concrete in the structure allows the generation of continuous glazed surfaces, which dilutes the limits and integrates the garden with the interior completely and the environments between them, giving the sensation of a single space. As enclosure of the entrance a mesh top is used, that is the soul of the reinforced concrete, and that with time will be covered with vegetation, simulating a concreting ‘green process’.© Ramiro Sosa
The program is organized in two volumes, of different characteristics, connected to each other through the entrance and a double-height hall, that distributes to the different areas of the house. The volume supported on the east is a plate, of great longitudinal tension, organized in two levels that contain the daily functions of the program: living and dining room, kitchen and main suite in ground floor; while the three bedrooms of the children are situated in the top floor. The plate opens to the north and is dematerialized, first with a gallery in the ground floor, and then with another in double height, which connects the two levels, until you reach the solarium and pool at the bottom of the land.© Ramiro Sosa Elevations and Sections © Ramiro Sosa
The storage spaces are raised on the constituted dividing wall, in order to clear the interiors and grant greater flexibility to the spaces. The second volume hosts the social functions of the house: a dining room height and a half, which has three fully glazed faces and a sloping concrete roof with a large blind paw to the south that folds and ends as a floor for the parking of the cars. This inclination helps the rainwater run off the concrete wall, and with the pass of time, will generate a green effect on that wall, harmonizing with all existing vegetation.© Ramiro Sosa
The Fundació Mies van der Rohe and European Commission have revealed the 383 projects nominated for the 2019 European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture – Mies van der Rohe Award. The projects, which hail from 36 countries across the European Continent represent a wide range of typologies and office types. Of the countries included, the most projects come are located in Spain and Belgium (27 and 21 nominees, respectively.) London, home to 12 nominees, boasts the most nominated projects of any single city followed by Vilnius (9) and Paris (8).
“The 2019 nominees highlight metropolitan areas as the location of most of the works, but the map also reveals the generation of axes such as the Dublin-Brussels-Ljubljana-Tirana one, where 100 million Europeans live and a third of the total number of nominated works have been built," explained prize coordinator Ivan Blasi.
The European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture – Mies van der Rohe Award was established in 1987 and is awarded every two years, with the winner receiving a €60,000 prize. Previous winners have included the Harpa Concert Hall and Conference Centre in Reykjavik by Henning Larsen in collaboration with the Icelandic practice Batteríið and Olafur Elíasson, and the Neues Museum in Berlin, designed by David Chipperfield Architects and Julian Harrap and the was the Philharmonic Hall Szczecin in Poland by Barozzi / Veiga. The winner in 2017 was the Kleiburg Flats by NL Architects.
As in 2017, cultural buildings made up the largest portion of nominated works with 15%. This is followed by mixed-use at 14% and housing (a loose grouping that includes collective and single-family) and education projects, both at 10%. According to the organizers, the northernmost work is the Skreda Roadside Rest Area (Norway) by Manthey Kula Arkitekter and the southernmost project is the Laniteio Lyceum (Cyprus) by Armeftis & Associates. The easternmost works are the buildings in Tbilisi and the westernmost nominee is the Chapel of Eternal Light (Portugal) by Bernardo Rodrigues.
The list will be narrowed to a shortlist of 40 projects in late January, with the winner announced in April 2019. In addition to the main prize, the Fundació Mies van der Rohe is once again running a special mention award for emerging architects, with winners of this award receiving a €20,000 prize.
- Pustec Square / Metro_POLIS, G&K
- Skanderbeg Square / 51N4E, Plant en Houtgoed, Anri Sala, iRI
- “New Baazar in Tirana“ Restoration and Revitalization / Atelier 4
- arTurbina / Atelier 4
- “Lalez, individual Villa” / AGMA studio
- Himara Waterfront / Bureau Bas Smets, SON-group
- “The House of Leaves". National Museum of Secret Surveillance / Studio Terragni Architetti, Elisabetta Terragni, xycomm, Daniele Ledda
- “Aticco” palace / Studio Raça Arkitektura
- “Between Olive Trees” Villa / AVatelier
- Vlora Waterfront Promenade / Xaveer De Geyter Architects
- The Courtyard House /Filippo Taidelli Architetto
- "Tirana Olympic Park" /DEAstudio
- BTV Headquarter Vorarlberg and Office Building / Rainer Köberl, Atelier Arch. DI Rainer Köberl
- Austrian Embassy Bangkok / HOLODECK architects
- MED Campus Graz / Riegler Riewe Architekten ZT-Ges.m.b.H.
- Higher Vocational Schools for Tourism and Catering - Am Wilden Kaiser / wiesflecker architekten zt gmbh
- Farm Building Josef Weiss / Julia Kick Architektin
- House of Music Innsbruck / Erich Strolz, Dietrich | Untertrifaller Architekten
- Exhibition Hall 09 - 12 / Marte.Marte Architekten
- P2 | Urban Hybrid | City Library Innsbruck / LAAC
- Post am Rochus / feld72 Architekten, Schenker Salvi Weber Architekten
- Alpine Sports Silvretta Montafon / Architekt Bernardo Bader ZT GmbH
- Basilica & Clerical House, Mariazell / Feyferlik / Fritzer
- Housing Maximilianstraße / ARTEC Architekten | Bettina Götz + Richard Manahl, wup ZT GmbH, raum & kommunikation
- Aspern Federal School / fasch&fuchs.architekten
- Princess Veranda / Pentaplan
- Schendlingen School / Architekt Matthias Bär ZT GmbH, Querformat ZT GmbH, Architekt Bernd Riegger ZT GmbH
- Temporary Center of the city district of Reichenau / ./studio3 - Institute for Experimental Architecture / Technical University Innsbruck
- Performative Brise- Soleil / StudioVlayStreeruwitz ZT-GMBH
Bosnia - Herzegovina
- Office Building Kakanj Cement / studio nonstop
- Hotel M Gallery / SAAHA, AHA+KNAP
- CAMP'S (A CONTEMPORARY ABBEY FOR THE PRODUCTION OF MUSTARD AND PICKLES) / Dhooge & Meganck Architecten
- Residential care center KAPELLEVELD / architecten de vylder vinck taillieu
- Crematorium Stuifduin / a2o-architecten, BuroLandschap, Simoni Architecten
- COOP / BOGDAN & VAN BROECK
- PC CARITAS / architecten de vylder vinck taillieu
- Het GielsBos - Phase 3 - Care-centre for disabled / Dierendonckblancke architecten
- Restoration, renovation and extension of the Royal Museum for Central Africa / Stéphane Beel Architects
- Cultural and meeting centre in Kasterlee / Dierendonckblancke architecten
- Renovation of three historical buildings / Bovenbouw Architectuur, Barbara van der Wee Architects
- Folklore Museum / V+ (Bureau Vers plus de bien-être)
- Ryhove Urban Factory / Trans
- Herman Teirlinck Buiding / Neutelings Riedijk Architects
- Zuidboulevard and public library / Bureau Bas Smets, Robbrecht en Daem architecten, goedefroo+goedefroo architecten
- Square Rogier / Xaveer De Geyter Architects
- UCL Faculty of Architecture of Tournai / AIRES MATEUS
- De Krook library / Coussée & Goris architecten, RCR Arquitectes
- Utopia - Library and Academy for Performing Arts / KAAN Architecten
- Espace Winson / RESERVOIR A, A+11, Piron Architectes et Ingénieurs, Atelier Paysage
- Rehabilitation of the ancient Pathé Palace to a cinema and a cultural complex / aa-ar sprl
- ESAC - Institute of Circus Arts / Atelier d’Architecture Daniel Delgoffe
- MAD - Brussels Fashion and Design Platform / V+ (Bureau Vers plus de bien-être), ROTOR
- Castra Rubra Winery Guest House / ZOOM studio, dontDIY
- The Triangular Tower of Serdica / Atelier 3 Architects, ADM Studio
- white concrete old house / I/O architects
- Magazia 1 / MOTTO architectural studio, OBB Controlling
- DEMOKRATOS / Think Forward
- Radisson Blu Larnaca / Panayides Spinazzola Architects
- University of Nicosia 'Six Towers' Student Residences / Eraclis Papachristou - Architects
- Connection and Amelioration of the 28th October, K. Palama and D. Solomou Squares in Paphos. / Agisilaou & Kalavas Architectural Workshop3CX
- OFFICE BUILDING / Seroff & Papadopoulos Architects
- Laniteio Secondary School Extension / Armeftis & Associates
- Mouttalos District Redevelopment / XO-Architects and Sigma & Co.
- Markideio Municipal Theatre / Simpraxis
- Smalto Dental Clinic / Yiorgos Hadjichristou
- Protest Stand - site specific instalation / 2021 Architects
- DRN / FIALA + NEMEC s.r.o.
- Old Water Tower Community Center / Petr Hájek ARCHITEKTI
- Doubravka Lookout Tower / Hut architektury Martin Rajnis
- Dolní Břežany Sports Hall / SPORADICAL
- Apartment house Domino / Atelier RAW s.r.o.
- Štajnhaus / ORA
- Exit station of the Pustevny cableway / Kamil Mrva Architects, s.r.o.
- Boiler House Libčice nad Vltavou / Atelier Hoffman
- church of st. Wenceslas / Atelier Štěpán
- KINONEKINO transformation of a movie theater into cultural community center / XTOPIX architekti s.r.o., Simona Ledvinková
- Extension of DOX Centre for Contemporary Art / Petr Hájek ARCHITEKTI
- Residential and studio building at the former Berlin flower market / HEIDE & VON BECKERATH, ifau
- Terracehouse Berlin / Brandlhuber+ Emde, Burlon, Muck Petzet Architekten
- Opera House / / hg merz
- ThyssenKrupp Test Tower / Werner Sobek Design, Jahn Architects
- Wittenberg Castle / Bruno Fioretti Marquez, ifb frohloff staffa kühl ecker PartG mbH, AADe Stuve Architekten, DGI Bauwerk
- Embassy for children, SOS Children's Villages / Ludloff Ludloff
- City Library / Max Dudler
- Philosophical Seminar at the Cathedral Square, Muenster / Peter Böhm Architekten
- New Town Library Rottenburg am Neckar / harris + kurrle architekten partnerschaft mbb
- Futurium Berlin / RICHTER MUSIKOWSKI, JUCA architektur+landschaftsarchitektur
- UNIQUE³ CUBE / Hauser Architektur
- Substation Sellerstraße / HEIDE & VON BECKERATH
- Christkönig–Chapel at Cathedral Altenberg / gernot schulz : architektur GmbH
- WSDA Waste Recycling, Maintanance Depot / KNERER UND LANG Architekten GmbH
- Community centre, refugee camp Spinelli / Krötsch Graf Kretzer Architekten und Ingenieure and Atelier U20, Studentsgroup of the Faculty of Architecture, University of Kaiserslautern (TUK)
- Bremer Landesbank / Caruso St John Architects
- Museum Tonofenfabrik / heneghan peng architects
- Kulturpalast / GMP Architekten Von Gerkan, Marg und Partner
- Maersk Tower, extension of the Panum complex at the University of Copenhagen / C.F. Møller Architects, SLA
- Dortheavej Residence / BIG - Bjarke Ingels Group
- Streetmekka Viborg / EFFEKT
- Researcher Apartments / Praksis
- THE SILO / COBE
- Hammershus Visitors Centre / Arkitema Architects, Christoffer Harlang
- TIRPITZ / BIG - Bjarke Ingels Group
- Axel Towers / Lundgaard & Tranberg Architects
- Fjord House / Studio Olafur Eliasson
- LEGO House / BIG - Bjarke Ingels Group
- Baltic Station Market / KOKO architects
- Renovation of the Machinery Hall of A.M. Luther's Furniture Factory / HG (Hayashi-Grossschmidt) Arhitektuur OÜ
- Memorial for the Estonian Victims of Communism / Arhitektuuribüroo JVR, Stuudio Truus, Ninja Stuudio
- Pilgrims’ House in Vastseliina / KAOS Architects
- Estonian Film Museum / BOA
- ARVO PÄRT CENTRE / Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos
- Estonian Academy of Arts / KUU architects
- ARTS CENTRE AND HOTEL IN THE SANT JULIÀ DE RAMIS FORTRESS / Fuses-Viader Arquitectes
- residential complex: three houses + multipurpose pavilion / longo + roldán arquitectura
- HOTEL AND RESTAURANT IN THE ANCIENT MONTALVÁN POTTERY FACTORY (TRIANA, SEVILLE) / AF6 Arquitectura
- RESTORATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL UPGRADE OF THE ARCHITECTS' ASSOCIATION OF CATALONIA HEADQUARTERS / Fuses-Viader Arquitectes, Jorge Perea, Arquitecte, Jordi Mansilla Arquitecte
- New Pallol Square in the historic center of Girona / amm arquitectes
- LIFE REUSING POSIDONIA/ 14 social dwellings in Sant Ferran, Formentera / IBAVI
- Civic Centre Lleialtat Santsenca / HARQUITECTES
- GALLERY-HOUSE / Carles Enrich Studio
- GLASS HOUSE / OFIS arhitekti
- Building for new Norvento Headquarter / Mangado y Asociados
- Exhibition Hall in the former Santo Domingo Convent / Antonio Jiménez Torrecillas, Elisa Valero
- Plasencia Auditorium and Congress Centre / selgascano
- Refurbishment of a building in Plaza de Puerto Rubio for the Save The Children Foundation / elii [architecture office]
- Boquero Morilla House / Álvaro Carrillo Eguilaz
- Ca la Dona (Whomen's house) + Youth centre / Sandra Bestraten i Castells - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), Bestraten Hormias Arquitectura
- Desert City / GARCIAGERMAN ARQUITECTOS
- House 1413 / HARQUITECTES
- Congress Center and Hotel in Palma de Mallorca / Mangado y Asociados
- Rehabilitation and expansion of the Gon-Gar Workshops / NUA arquitectures
- Ibenergi Headquarters / Taller Abierto
- New logistic center of Mayoral Moda Infantil / System Arquitectura
- Public Library and Historic Archive of the city of Baiona / Murado & Elvira
- Rehabilitation of Casa Vicens / Martínez Lapeña - Torres Arquitectos, Daw Office
- Palace of Justice / Mecanoo, AYESA
- MIX DWELLING BUILDING AT 22@ / COLL-LECLERC Arquitectos
- Solo House / OFFICE Kersten Geers David Van Severen
- CaixaForum Sevilla Cultural Center / Guillermo Vázquez Consuegra
- Aalto University Väre Building / Verstas Architects
- Taika Kindergarten / OOPEAA Office for Peripheral Architecture
- Helsinki Central Library Oodi / ALA Architects Ltd.
- Kruunuvuorenranta Automated Waste Collection Station / B & M Architects
- Gullkronan Senior Housing / Huttunen-Lipasti-Pakkanen Architects
- Think Corner / JKMM Architects
- West Terminal 2 / PES-Architects
- Amos Rex Art Museum / JKMM Architects
- Lonna Sauna / OOPEAA Office for Peripheral Architecture
- The Perret Hall - Cultural Centre / Atelier d'architecture Pierre Hebbelinck, HBAAT - HELEEN HART — MATHIEU BERTELOOT
- Museum of Arts, Nantes / Stanton Williams Architects
- Oscar Niemeyer cultural and sports center / La Soda
- E26 (school refectory) / BAST
- Extension of the Cluny Museum / Bernard Desmoulin architecte
- Stone building in Paris / Barrault Pressacco
- Hidden house / FMAU
- Camille Claudel Museum / ARCHITECTURES ADELFO SCARANELLO
- Longchamp Racecourse / Dominique Perrault Architecte, Paris.
- ‘Théodore Gouvy’ Theatre in Freyming-Merlebach / Dominique Coulon et associés
- Transformation of 530 dwellings - Grand Parc Bordeaux / Frédéric Druot Architecture, Lacaton & Vassal architectes, Christophe Hutin Architecture
- ENSAE PARISTECH, Campus Paris-Saclay / CAB ARCHITECTES (CALORI AZIMI BOTINEAU)
- Paris Courthouse / Renzo Piano Building Workshop
- Institute of Molecular Sciences in Orsay / KAAN Architecten, FRES architectes
- Chris Marker student housing and RATP bus amenities / Eric Lapierre Experience
- Lafayette Anticipations / O.M.A.
- Extension of Technilum production unit in Béziers / Passelac & Roques Architectes
- Saint Jacques de la Lande Church / Álvaro Siza 2 - Arquitecto, SA
- Headquarters of the Bar Association, School of Lawyers and offices in Lyon / OAB Office of Architecture in Barcelona, Alberto Peñín Llobell, AABD Architectes
- Moxy Hotel Tbilisi / Dephani AD
- Black Sea Arena / DREI ARCHITEKTEN
- Dance Hall For Dance Choreographer Tea Darchia's Studio / David Giorgadze Architects
- Fabrika Tbilisi / MUA - Multiverse Architecture
- Bazaar Building / David Danelia Architects
- Tbilisi Park Hotel / SEDUM.ARCHITECTS
- Coffee Production Plant / Giorgi Khmaladze Architects
- Pavilion for Chacha Ceremonies / Alexander Brodsky, Wunderwerk
- OTE Call Center Athinas Renovation / ArchitectScripta
- H_34 Apartments Building in Voula / 314 Architecture Studio
- Public Preschool in Glyfada / Klab Architecture
- AGEMAR Headquarters (Headquarters of Angelicoussis Group) / Rena Sakellaridou SPARCH PC
- Hotel Salona Palace / Arhipolis
- Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art Rijeka-in the making / Dinko Peračić, ARP
- Issa Megaron / PROARH
- Stadium Luka Šokčević Šaljapin / GEplus arhitekti d.o.o.
- House for Two / Bogdan Budimirov
- Popovača School / roth&čerina, XYZ ARHITEKTURA
- Adris Grupa/ Croatia Osiguranje office building interiors / jedanjedan
- Mali Arsenal, HERA Visitor Center / AB Forum
- Public pool Vukovar / Arhitektonski biro Turato
- Mini Art Cinema / Damir Gamulin, Antun Sevšek
- 'Žnjan - Pazdigrad' Primary School / x3m
- Housing Complex Jodranovac / Arhitektura Svebor Andrijević
- Country House Konstari / nonA d.o.o.
- Reconstruction of the Saint Martin parish church / B+B Műterem Ltd.
- Entrance Building, Graphisoft Park / RADIUS B+S Kft.
- Treehouses / arkt studio
- The renewal of the Palatinus Bath / Archikon
- Blessed Celestina Nursery / dmb műterem Ltd.
- Reconstruction of the Old Town Hall of Buda / Hetedik Műterem Ltd.
- Port Authority Building, Győr-Gönyü / sporaarchitects Ltd., Térhálózat Design Kft.
- The Graphic Designer’s House / architecture uncomfortable workshop
- Market Hall and Event Center of Újpest / FIRKA ARCHITECT STUDIO LTD.
- Rust-ic House / URBAN AGENCY
- Art Room, Secondary School, Aran islands, Ireland / Paul Dillon Architects
- New School In Town / SJK Architects
- Dublin Port Centre Precinct / Darmody Architecture
- St. Mary's Medieval Mile Museum / McCullough Mulvin Architects
- Vaulted House / GKMP Architects
- National Gallery of Ireland, Refurbishment of Historic Wings / heneghan peng architects
- 14 Henrietta Street / Shaffrey Architects
- The Retreat at Blue Lagoon / Basalt Architects
- The Marshall House / Kurtogpi Architects
- Vigdis Finnbogadottir - Institute of foreign languages / Andrúm
- Engie Headquarters / Park Associati
- Casa Fantini / Lissoni Architettura
- Terra Madre - Scuola d'infanzia Sandro Pertini e piazza pedonale / Luca Peralta Studio, 3TI Progetti
- library of the benedictine monastery Marienberg / Werner Tscholl Architekt
- Corte del Forte Dance Pavilion / Rintala Eggertsson Architects
- Educational Ensemble Terenten / feld72 Architekten
- Accessibility project for the Heritage Park of Ceto, Cimbergo and Paspardo (UNESCO Site n.94) / Babau Bureau, Elisa Brusegan
- Vatican Chapel / Pavilion of the Holy See — Venice Architecture Biennale 2018 / Souto Moura - Arquitectos, SA
- M9 Museum District / Sauerbruch Hutton
- ANM 2018 / Ordinary Re-construction / MARIA GIUSEPPINA GRASSO CANNIZZO
- Prada productive headquarter / Canali associati s.r.l.
- Chapel of Silence / Studio Associates
- Atelier of the Artist Marco Bagnoli / Studio Toti Semerano
- STONED / ELASTICOSPA+3
- Refurbishment of two rural houses / Studio Albori
- Lavazza Campus: company headquarters and museum, public garden and multi-functional center / Cino Zucchi Architetti
- Fondazione Prada Tower / O.M.A.
- Kaunas Bus Station / Dvieju grupe
- Valley Villa / ARCHES
- Bus Station at Vilnius International Airport / Vilnius Architecture Studio
- ADMINISTRATION BUILDING "REALINIJA", JONAVOS 30 / Kancas Studio
- Green Hall 2 / Archinova, Arrow Architects
- Multifunctional complex A.Juozapavičiaus str.13 / Architects bureau G. Natkevicius and partners
- Vilnius Tech Park / A2SM
- Reconstruction of sanatorium into reacreational building / Aketuri architektai
- VU BOTANICAL GARDEN LABORATORY BUILDING RECONSTRUCTION /Paleko architektu studija
- MO-Modern Art Museum / Studio Daniel Libeskind, DO architects
- Apartment building in Žvėrynas / Audrius Ambrasas Architects
- Duplex in Turniškės / PLAZMA Architecture Studio
- Office building on Nemunas waterfront /Architects bureau G. Natkevicius and partners
- Showroom Norbert Brakonier / A + T ARCHITECTURE LUMEN
- DIANE HEIREND ARCHITECTES
- Cycle and Pedestrian Path under the Adolphe Bridge / Christian Bauer et Associés Architectes
- LLC Luxembourg Learning Center / VALENTINY hvp architects
- Highschool for healthcare professions / Fabeck Architectes
- Private house in Cēsis / OUTOFBOX
- Two houses / SINTIJA VAIVADE_ARHITEKTE
- Office building PLACE ELEVEN / Diānas Zalānes projektu birojs
- Red Ice / NRJA, IG Kurbads, Stals un Steinbergs, IAG Projekti, Plazma Studio
- Pauls Stradins Clinical University Hospital / Sarma & Norde Architects, JKMM Architects
- Gertrudes 121 - refurbishment of tenement houses / 12 LĪNIJAS
- Summer Houses / AKVS architecture
- Hotel Kamenovo / Mit-Arh
- Skanderbeg Square in Skopje / BINA [bureau of inventive architecture], QB Arkitektura, BMA - Besian Mehmeti Architects
- Chelsea business center / GMS
- Urban Modular / Sara Simoska Arhitektura, MELEEM Skopje
- Residential Building STOGOVO 14 / Attika Architects
- Restoration and rehabilitation of the Phoenicia Hotel and its surrounding fortifications / AP Valletta
- At the Borderline / Archi+
- HOUSE_59 / CVC architecture
- eCABS Booking Office / Valentino Architects
- Farsons Corporate Office Extension / TBA Periti
- Musis Sacrum / van Dongen – Koschuch Architects and Planners.
- Sportcampus Zuiderpark / FaulknerBrowns Architects, ABT
- House of Province Gelderland / Team V Architectuur
- Circl / de Architekten Cie.
- Rijnstraat 8, renovation Ministry Building / O.M.A.
- Data Center AM4 / Benthem Crouwel Architects
- Visitor center park Vijversburg / STUDIO MAKS
- Experimental housing at Svartlamon / Nøysom Arkitekter
- Cabin Nerskogen / Vardehaugen
- Klostergaarden Boathouse / Trodahl Arkitekter
- Kvåsfossen Visitor centre / Rever og Drage Architects
- Skreda Raodside Rest Area / Manthey Kula
- Fleinvær Refugium / TYIN tegnestue Architects, Rintala Eggertsson Architects
- Mylla Cabin / Mork Ulnes Architects
- lnnfill housing, Huitfeldts gate 15 AS / Jensen & Skodvin Arkitektkontor as
- The Nursing School / Jarmund/Vigsnæs AS Arkitekter MNAL
- CITY MUNICIPAL OFFICE BUILDING IN ZA BRAMKĄ STREET / Ultra Architects
- MUSEUM OF THE WORLD WAR II / Studio Architektoniczne Kwadrat
- RED HOUSE / TOPROJEKT
- THE REGIONAL COURT BUILDING COMPLEX IN SIEDLCE / HRA Architekci
- Cracovia 1906 Centennial Hall with the Sports Center for the Handicapped / Biuro Projektów Lewicki Łatak
- SZUCHA Premium Offices / Stelmach i Partnerzy Biuro Architektoniczne Sp. z o. o.
- Nawa - Architectural Sculpture / Zieta Prozessdesign
- "Vistula River" Station Park / JAKABE Projekty Spółka z o.o., Michał Grzybowski, Kolektyw Palce Lizać, Agata Rochowska-Hławka
- Affordable Housing Assembly at the European Capital of Culture 2016 Settlement Nowe Żerniki / Arch_it Piotr Zybura, PAG Pracownia Architektury Głowacki, Studio TSB / Tadeusz Sawa-Borysławski, Horn Architekci, S3NS ARCHITEKTURA - IGOR KAŹMIERCZAK
- WORLD’S VANISHING PLANTS GARDEN WITH THE EDUCATIONAL PAVILION IN ARBORETUM SGGW / JRK72
- Bałtyk office building / MVRDV, Natkaniec Olechnicki Architekci
- Kindergarten in Kleszczówka / TOPROJEKT
- Town Hall / BBGK Architekci Sp. z o. o.
- Unikato / Robert Konieczny - KWK Promes
- Silesia University's Radio and Television department / BAAS arquitectura, Grupa 5 Architekci, Małeccy Biuro Projektowe
- Sprzeczna 4 Residential Building / BBGK Architekci Sp. z o. o.
- Akademeia High School in Warsaw / Medusa Group
- By the Way House / Robert Konieczny - KWK Promes
- Rural Hotel River House / Menos é Mais Arquitectos Associados, Lda.
- Promise - Cottage house / Camilo Rebelo Arquitectos
- FPM41 / Barbas Lopes Arquitectos
- Barão de Santos Palace / Barbas Lopes Arquitectos
- Rotating House, Coimbra / Pedro Bandeira - PLF
- Chapel of Eternal Light / Bernardo Rodrigues
- Tua Valley Interpretive Centre / Rosmaninho + Azevedo - Arquitectos
- Quelhas House / Inês Lobo Arquitectos Lda
- José Adrião / José Adrião Arquitetos
- Luís de Camões Theatre / Manuel Graça Dias + Egas José Vieira, Arquitectos, Contemporânea, lda
- House in Rua do Paraíso / FALA
- Our Lady of Fátima Chapel / Plano Humano Arquitectos
- CAA / Águeda Arts Centre / AND-RÉ
- Power Plant for the Foz Tua Dam / Souto Moura - Arquitectos, SA
- Mount Chapel / Álvaro Siza 2 - Arquitecto, SA
- Lisbon Cruise Terminal / Carrilho da Graça
- Porto Botanical Garden: Casa Andresen, Koepp Greenhouses and Casa Salabert / Nuno Valentim, Arquitectura e Reabilitação, Lda
- Londra Housing / ADN Birou de Arhitectura
- Werk Restaurant / Filofi si Trandafir Arhitectura
- Ion Oblemenco Stadium / DICO si TIGANAS birou de proiectare SRL, SC. Plan 31.SRL, SC. INSTAL DATA PROIECT SRL
- Equestrian center in Sânsimion / LARIX STUDIO, STABECH STRUCTURE
- RESTORATION, REFURBISHMENT OF THE HEADQUARTERS OF THE ORDER OF ARCHITECTS OF ROMANIA BUCHAREST BRANCH /STARH - Birou de arhitectura (Florian & Iulia Stanciu)
- Occidentului 40 / ADN Birou de Arhitectura
- Oromolu Office / DSBA
- Stattwerk office Belgrade / Stattwerk
- "Virtus" Winery / Branimir Popović architects
- N1 Housing / Studio Simović
- Villa Pavlovic / Neoarhitekti, Neoarhitekti
- Commercial and hotel complex in Rajiceva, Belgrade / proaspekt d.o.o.
- Misdemeanor Court Pancevo / 1X2STUDIO
- Reconstruction of Museum of Contemporary Art, Belgrade / nooto, Dejan Todorović architect
- Nationalmuseum / Wingårdh Arkitektkontor AB, Wikerstål Arkitekter AB / Tengbom
- Elderly Care Skärvet / Kjellander Sjöberg
- Skissernas Museum / Elding Oscarson
- Kata Farm / AIX Arkitekter
- Atelier Lapidus / Arrhov Frick
- Masterplan and Holiday houses, Bungenäs / Skälsö Arkitekter
- Bruksgården / Petra Gipp Arkitektur
- Entrance Pavillion to Arboretum Volčji Potok / ARREA architecture
- Renovation of the Vrlovčnik Homestead in Matkov Kot / MEDPROSTOR, arhitekturni atelje d.o.o.
- TERMALIJA FAMILY WELLNESS / ENOTA
- Renovation of Hotel Švicarija / ARREA architecture, Studio AKKA
- 3SHOEBOX HOUSE / OFIS arhitekti
- Brdo F6 terraced houses / Bevk Perovic arhitekti
- Winter cabin in Mount Kanin / OFIS arhitekti
- Ljubljana Regional Waste Management Centre - RCERO Ljubljana / Plan B, BRUTO, ProstoRož, Trash design, studiobotas
- Tem Čatež Factory Expansion / Jereb in Budja arhitekti
- House Celovska 01 / gregorc/vrhovec
- Pedenjped Day-Care Centre, Pedenjcarstvo Unit in Ljubljana Kašelj / oaza
- Revitalisation of the Public Space of the Centrum Shopping Centre / zerozero
- Residential Complex Condominium Devín / PMArchitekti
- Hunting Lodge / Pantograph
- Courtyard / Vallo Sadovsky Architects
- Family house Jarovce - A home for grandparents and nine grandchildren / Compass
- Adaptation of the former factory Mlynica / GutGut
- New Synagogue / PLURAL
- The land of bears and wolves / Project 7
- Pechersk School International / ARCHIMATIKA
- Hlibivka Countryside Hotel / KUDIN architects
- Rock House / 33bY Architecture
- The Metropolitan Sheptytsky Center, Ukrainian Catholic University, Lviv / Behnisch Architekten, Chaplinskyy & Associates, AVR Development
- Teatr na Podoli / Drozdov&Partners
- Stage / Stage Dnipro Community, Hip Park, Kultura Medialna Non-Profit Organization
- The Sultan Nazrin Shah Centre / Niall McLaughlin Architects
- Writ in Water / Studio Octopi, Mark Wallinger
- Belarusian Memorial Chapel / Spheron Architects
- Nucleus, The Nuclear Decommissioning Authority and Caithness Archive / Reiach and Hall Architects
- Royal Academy of Music: The Susie Sainsbury Theatre and The Angela Burgess Recital Hall / Ian Ritchie Architects Ltd
- Gasholders London / Wilkinson Eyre
- Fallahogey Studio / McGarry-Moon Architects
- 168 Upper Street / Groupwork + Amin Taha
- Charlie Bigham’s Food Production Campus / Feilden Fowles Architects
- Red House / 31/44 Architects
- Goldsmiths Centre for Contemporary Art / ASSEMBLE
- Stele House / OMMX
- Royal Academy of Arts masterplan / David Chipperfield Architects
- Chadwick Hall / Henley Halebrown
- Bushey Cemetery / Waugh Thistleton Architects
- Bloomberg / Foster + Partners
- Storey's Field Centre and Eddington Nursery / MUMA
- The Leadenhall Building / Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
- 15 Clerkenwell Close / Groupwork + Amin Taha
- H House / 4M Group
- Garden House / Gezim Pacarizi
- Anarchitecture Theatre / anarch
This article was originally published on CommonEdge as "When Buildings Are Shaped More by Code than by Architects."
Architects are often driven by forces which are stronger than aesthetics or even client whims and desires. To some extent we’re captive to the tools and materials we use, and the legal limitations placed on us as architects. Today a new code definition has changed one type of building in all of the ways architects usually control.Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. ImageRoofs of Paris
Technology, of course, constantly changes architecture. When steel and elevators were developed almost 150 years ago, skyscrapers appeared; when wood could be industrially cut to precise sizes, light frame wood construction became cheaper and easier to build than timber framed buildings—and, along with the GI Bill, helped flood the American landscape with single family homes.
Similarly, zoning has always impacted the shape of buildings (think of New York’s “wedding cake” skyscrapers, the Mansard roofed buildings of Paris, mid-century suburban homes on one acre lots, and now the needle skyscrapers popping up in midtown Manhattan).Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. ImagePodium over stick frame construction
Right now, all across America, we have yet another example of code-shaped architecture. The 2012 International Building Code (IBC) described a new building type that made mid-rise structures substantially cheaper and quicker to construct, while still maintaining the same structural and life safety standards.
“Stick Frame Over Podium” is the term most often used to describe these buildings. Also called “One Plus Five" or "Two Plus Five" construction, this hybrid construction uses a cast concrete or fireproofed steel base of 1 or 2 stories that then has the cheapest, quickest, building system available built over it: light and stick frame, usually limited to 5 additional stories. Engineered wood is often used and, when combined with fire suppression sprinklering and wall/floor separations, huge savings in construction and time are realized. As a result, six or seven stories can explode out of the ground in months.
However, there are consequences. When technology allowed flat roofs to be plausible in the early 20th Century, the cause of Modernism was given great license to make architecture more abstract and geometric. But flat roofs leak. And as architects embraced the distilled fine arts expression of sculptural form via flat roofs, the perception was that fine arts architecture leaked, and that perception remains.
And yet those same flat roofs also saved money. The IBC sanctioning of stick-frame-over-podium has brought costs down to the point where buildings can be financed and constructed during an exceptionally brutal recession. The result is that these buildings are everywhere. The cost benefits of “5 over 2” building have an obvious aesthetic byproduct: boxiness in extremis. There is only the meter of building methodology and the barest of melody in applied materials to the straight-jacket of this system.Crest Apartments / Michael Maltzan. Image © Iwan Baan
We’ve been down this road before. The federal tax-laws of the 1980’s created economic advantages for investors to provide multi family attached housing. Before the deductibility changed, that non-aesthetic provision created a flood of predictable architecture. The snaking meander of the 1980’s condo created a “type” that became an architectural cliché, despite sometimes alluding to the beauty of MLTW’s seminal Sea Ranch.
Good architects have always worked hard to make the banal beautiful, but this new challenge is daunting. The small spans, minimal costs, and building code mandated height control, means the base building forms are pre-determined. In essence these buildings have been designed by the code. These dreary boxes are receiving architectural attempts by their designers to be expressive, interesting, or at least less boxy, but the overwhelming geometries of this construction produce an inevitable result.
Ultimately it’s money that shapes buildings. While architect Cliff May may have created the Raised Ranch off of a Prairie School model, and Royal Barry Wills coined “Colonial” as a defined aesthetic wash, it was the financial realities of industrially produced lumber that defined the dominant aesthetics of home construction after World War II.Lafayette Park / Mies van der Rohe. Image © Jamie Schafer
No matter who comes along to successfully vitalize “5 over 2” construction it’s clear that the vast majority of these projects had their essential aesthetic realities determined by the International Building Code, not by the designers who are mandated to follow it.
Architects project themselves as the wizards of aesthetic control and, given infinite money, this is the truth. But for most architects and most buildings, the harder realities of technologies, codes and sites, are the baselines for aesthetics, with the architects responding (often heroically) to the necessities they must accommodate. This is precisely where the human spark of innovation has value. In the present flood of “Stick Frame Over Podium” building, the systems have defeated the humans who have failed to find a way to transform their inherent limitations.
I am confident that the greatness of Raymond Hood’s “wedding cake” manipulations of Rockefeller Center, or Mies van der Rohe’s skill in using huge expanses of plate glass, show how design can create visual delight from technological realities.
We’re on the edge of a revolution in the way we make buildings, courtesy of the looming reality of Artificial Intelligence. If beauty is the ultimate end of architecture’s mission, AI must become a tool, not an excuse, or default option. Let’s hope that the beauty imperative can make the flood of “stick frame over podium” midrises sweeping across America an explosion of design, rather than a code plug-in so common today.8 Octavia / Stanley Saitowitz . Image © Bruce Damonte
- Architects: CREA
- Location: Porto, Portugal
- Lead Architect: André Camelo
- Collaborator: Bruno Soares
- Area: 2561.8 ft2
- Project Year: 2018
- Photographs: António Ataide
- Construction: Atlantinível — Engenharia e Construção
- Engineering: DAJ — Estudos e Projetos
Text description provided by the architects. The house in Rua Heróis de África integrates a lot within the urban rehabilitation area of Leça da Palmeira, Oporto district, and was originally built during the 30´s, therefore reflecting with sobriety the constructive and formal options of that time.© António Ataide
Our project covered not only its rehabilitation but also an extension of the pre- existing building, by means of a zinc lined volume emerging from its back façade, widely opened to the back garden, with a contemporary formal and constructive design.© António Ataide Cross section © António Ataide
In addition to the house´s internal space fluidity, its scaling and light favours a wide diversity of rooms, either intimate and secluded or more ample and open to the exterior, translating or enhancing its inhabitants’ state of mind.© António Ataide
Studio Fuksas has won the competition to design the new Gelendzhik Airport in Gelendzhik, Russia. Gelendzhik is considered the third most popular resort city on the Black Sea coast. Prioritizing the landscape and an interior garden of local pine trees, the project is set to become the new gateway into the city. Inspired by the flight of birds when they change direction, the airport was made to be a new landmark for Gelendzhik.Gelendzhik Airport. Image Courtesy of Studio Fuksas Gelendzhik Airport. Image Courtesy of Studio Fuksas
Focusing on the qualities of space, experience and the control of natural light, the airport was also made to respect local values and characteristics. The concept features a large, white canopy the cover the entirety of the airport. The design will not only be a visual reference point but also a “Green Landmark” in terms of management and supply of energy for Gelendzhik. The airport aspires to reduce resource consumption and foster environmental awareness. Passive and active design strategies combine as integral parts of the architectural design to illustrate the approach towards sustainability. Studio Fuksas created the project around environmental awareness to also minimize the need for mechanical systems. The studio also designed the circulation system of the airport area as a one-way ring road.
The project will provide connections to eleven domestic destinations, including Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kazan and Yekaterinburg.
The holiday season may be one of joy, but there's always a little panic involved as well. You want to treat your loved ones to a gift they'll treasure and appreciate, but where to start?
Readers, ArchDaily has you covered. This year we've separated our choices in sections to help you find that perfect gift for the picky (budding) architect in your life. Our choices - and links to where you can find them - after the break:
For the Traveler:
City Guides / CITIx60© Viction:ary
These fantastic city guides are as beautiful as they are informative. Perfect for the traveling architect, the small books uncover the best cultural and architectural spots in a city. With an expanded list of cities and new places to discover, this is an ideal gift for the designer on the move.
3D Architecture Models© Chisel & Mouse
Chisel & Mouse
Do you wish you had a more permanent reminder of that perfect holiday trip or vacation, or maybe simply your home town? Chisel & Mouse create intricate models and maps of cities around the world, from iconic buildings and cityscapes to landscapes. Brothers Robert and Gavin Paisley have been casting and handcrafting this exact physical representations of architectural landmarks and cityscapes since 2011.
Fantastic Cities: A Coloring Book of Amazing Places© Chronicle Books
As the perfect coloring book for the kid in all of us, artist Steve McDonald's work features immersive aerial views of real cities from around the world alongside illustrated architectural mandalas. Intricate and detailed line work offers bird's-eye perspectives of cities like New York, London, Paris, Istanbul, Tokyo, Amsterdam, and many more.
ME & EU Postcard Book© Common Practices
For the architect that's abreast of the latest news and looking to keep the conversation going, this limited edition postcard book documents a collective view of Brexit through a set of UK ME & EU Postcards. Designed with a perforated format, the postcards are published by Common Practices and made in the UK by Nathan Smith and Sam T. Smith.
Helios Backpack© Moshi
Helios Lite is a designer laptop backpack crafted with lightweight, weather-resistant fabrics. Its slim silhouette is ideal for traveling architects that are seeking out a premium backpack that can carry up to a 13" laptop with room to spare for books, folders and a water bottle. A rear Napoleon pocket holds valuables such as a wallet, passport, and boarding pass for easy access.
City Maps© Blue Crow Media
Blue Crow Media
These city maps by Blue Crow are designed as both a reference guide and travel companion. They include an introduction to the architecture of the era, along with photographs and details for each building, including the address, build date, and the architects or practice responsible. Love Brutalism? Check out this Brutalist Boston Map by Chris Grimley, Michael Kubo and Mark Pasnik with more than forty leading examples of Brutalist architecture across the greater Boston area.
Concrete Eau de Parfum© Comme des Garcons
Comme des Garcons
Who says you can't take the street with you? This "concrete perfume" was developed by perfumer Nicolas Beaulieu who was asked to create a deconstructed scent. The bottle was designed as a shell of hand-finished concrete and glass. The project takes on Comme des Garçons disruptive approach to design and distills it into a scent.
Moleskine Travel Journal© Moleskine
For the organized traveler, the Moleskine Travel Journal features loyalty cards, checklists, calendars, travel information, budget and trip planners, and more. Designed with 5 themed sections to fill in and 5 tabbed sections to personalize, the design includes over 200 adhesive labels for personalizing your journal.
Everyday Backpack© Peak Design
For a backpack that's weatherproof and can handle all your camera equipment, look no further than Peak Design. Their popular Everyday Backpack is made to adapt to different gear, lifestyles and environments. The patented MagLatch provides fast top access, while integrated luggage carry makes this bag equally suited for daily commutes and extended travel.
For the Studio Addict:
Apple AirPods© Apple
For Apple fans who are stuck in studio and ready to cut the cord, look no further than AirPods. These wireless headphones give you ample room to draw and build with no wires in your way. Whenever you pull your AirPods out of the charging case, they instantly turn on and connect to your iPhone, Apple Watch, iPad, or Mac. Audio automatically plays as soon as you put them in your ears and pauses when you take them out.
Toffu Content Library© Toffu
Earlier this year we published an article about Toffu’s content library, offering vector samples of people, trees, and objects in plan, elevation, and isometric. The contents would make a great gift for architecture students seeking to populate and animate their presentation drawings, going beyond conventional line drawn blocks.
LEGO USB Flash Drive© PNY
The perfect gift for when the cloud finally breaks. This flash drive was designed in the shape of a traditional LEGO brick and holds 16 to 32GB of data to easily store, share, and transport media and files. Each LEGO USB Flash Drive is compatible with all LEGO brick toys, so you can keep on building on.
Architools Notebook© Architools
Architools has created multiple minimalist notebooks made for designers and architects alike. The projects raised funds on Kickstarter, and aim to bring a subtle elegance to the humble notebook. The books are made to embody qualities of wanderlust and sensory exploration. Featuring refined materials and design, it aims to inspire the next project or adventure.
Frank Gehry Masterclass© Masterclass
Because why not learn from the master himself? Discover Gehry's vision for what architecture can accomplish and his ideas on contemporary architecture. The course includes a look at Gehry's "never-before-seen model archive" and the chance to understand his creative process.
Archifold Architectural Origami Set© The Design Museum Shop
The Design Museum Shop
We all can get bored in studio and need to take our mind off things. Archifold is a series of origami sheets of paper with patterns based on the framework used by architects to create plans. A diagram is included in the envelope with guidelines for 'building' a little house, but it’s only one of the many possible designs offered by this set. Each envelope contains 34 doubled side printed sheets of paper.
NOTEPAD - House of Notes© Cinqpoints
Take your sticky note game up a notch with the House of Notes, a notepad composed of pre-cutted paper sheets in the archetypal shape of a house. Conceived as a simple object, it finds a minimalist shape as soon as the block is out of its cover-facade. The bloc can also be used as clipboard.
KitchenAid Architect Coffee Maker© KitchenAid
Literally branded "The Architect", coffee machine makers have come to embrace a cornerstone of studio culture. This 14-Cup Glass Carafe KitchenAid Coffee Maker features a removable water tank that is easily accessible, and the coffee maker can be programmed to brew up to 24 hours in advance.
Prepd Lunchbox© Prepd
Prepd reinvented the lunchbox to save us from our #SadDeskLunch! With Prepd Colors they took everything great about the original Prepd Pack and distilled it into something more simple, durable and colorful. They feature beautifully designed cases that work with a set of modular containers. The original version is handcrafted from high-quality, natural bamboo and a precision engineered polymer.
For the Bookworm:
Rem Koolhaas, OMA; Taschen
Koolhaas expands on his initial Elements series (released to accompany his curation of Fundamentals, 2014 Venice Biennale of Architecture.) Elements digs into the details behind the details that make architecture: how windows, facades, balconies, stairs are made. Each element has a surprisingly twisted history, connecting an esoteric world within architecture to politics, economics, regulatory requirements, climate change, and technological development. It's a level of detail you'd be hardpressed to find anywhere else - and at over 2000 pages, it's likely on the only book on the topic you'll ever need.
The Design of Childhood: How the Material World Shapes Independent Kids© Bloomsbury Publishing
Alexandra Lange; Bloomsbury Publishing
It's normal for parents to obsess over their children: which school should they go to, which kids should they play with, what sport they should play. Design critic Alexandra Lange makes the case for the importance of objects and design in this canny new book, arguing that the way kids play (and the objects they play with) play an essential role in their development. Is there a difference between wood, plastic, or digital toys? What can kids learn from a see-saw or a slide? It may seem trivial but the way we play, Lange argues, reflects the way we live.
Toward a Concrete Utopia© MoMA Press
Lukasz Stanek, Martino Stierli, Kath Halbreich, Vladimir Kulich & Contributors; MoMA Press
A few years ago 'Spomeniks' took the internet by storm - and like so many things on the internet, went viral before all the facts could be set straight. The years since has seen these monuments enter the public mainstream, culminating in an exhibition this year at MoMA that detailed why and how they were built, who and what they were for, and what they mean in a larger cultural context. It's undoubtedly eye-candy, but it's also a fascinating history that's worth getting right.
Magdalena Droste; Taschen
The centenary of the Bauhaus is fast approaching, and any fan of architecture history would do well to brush up on the details of the global movement that defined architecture in the 20th century. This book, an update on a previously published edition, breathes sparkling new life into arguably overtread material. Complete with drawings, photographs, and diagrams, it's an essential read for the year ahead.
The Man in the Glass House© Little, Brown
Mark Lamster; Little, Brown
Philip Johnson has long held a complicated position in architecture. His works and theoretical teachings have become fundamental knowledge in architecture today, but the man himself is less easy to love. Mark Lamster's new biography offers fair and unsparing insight into the man behind the Glass House - and reminds us that even the most influential figures in architecture aren't without their faults.
Inside North Korea© Taschen
Oliver Wainwright, Julius Wiedemann; Taschen
Olly Wainwright, architecture critic for The Guardian, travels not just behind the walls but behind the propaganda of North Korea in this new book. The story is one you likely don't know: after mass bombing in 1953, nearly the entire city of Pyongyang was rebuilt in the vision of the nation's leader Kim Il Sung. The result is a city as a stage set, with architecture built for events, programs, and populations that will never exist.
X-Ray Architecture© Taschen
Beatriz Colomina; Lars Muller Publishers, Expected release December 2018
Price (expected): $40.00
Beatriz Colomina is one of the most exciting voices in architecture, bringing her unfailingly canny perspective to topics as broad as Playboy, domesticity, the bed, and even what it means to be human. In her newest title, she turns her eye to the x-ray - a tool she argues shaped 20th-century architecture indelibly. An excavation of public and private space on both an architectural and personal scale, Colomina suggests that to talk about architecture today we should first look at the tools we use to understand ourselves.
For Kids:Norman's Architecture Adventure. Image © Go Architect
Any architect's greatest tool - and the only one that you have to make for yourself - is imagination. Norman's Architecture Adventure brings takes kids along the ride, teaching them the joy of unleashing your imagination. With beautiful, simple drawings and a curious, kind protagonist, it's an excellent introduction to the exciting world that architecture can be.Standard Unit Blocks. Image
This toy, invented over 100 years ago, combines the classic geometries of architecture into a kit of parts that kids can turn into just about anything. It may sound basic, but the simple act of choosing your blocks and learning how they balance builds essential skills in mathematics, logic, and even storytelling. It's a valuable gift for any child - but one that an architect parent may want to play with as well.Jenga. Image
The game that teaches balance and strategy, all in the form of a skyscraper - no skills required. It's a classic among architects for a reason.© Federica Babina
Federica Babina's whimsical illustrations in this series transforms architecture from structures of brick and mortar to animals of fur and scales. In her eyes, Casa da Music becomes a pig, the Eiffel Tower a giraffe. It's sure to charm picky parents and tots alike.© Origami - Archifold
Origami offers endless opportunities for design and is an excellent way for kids to learn creative skills. This set comes with specific instructions to build a house, but what you make is up to you.© Magformers
Each Magformer set combines a wide variety of open plastic shapes (easy for small fingers to handle) that can click together, allowing kids to combine them in whatever 2 or 3D shape strikes their fancy. Made of safe materials and with no sharp ages, they're an excellent option for even the youngest of budding builders.
For the Chef:© Städter
Hamburg's iconic concert hall by Herzog & de Meuron is the inspiration for this cookie cutter, which - we promise - will not force your Christmas baking into cost overruns. Note: gingerbread versions of Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron not included.© Nordico, courtesy of the MoMA Design Store
This beautiful Nordic-design inspired saucepan is sure to get any architect's heart beating. Made from a thick steel that's suited to handling a variety of soups, stews, sauces, the non-stick interior will help protect your meal when the distracted archi-chef in charge inevitably forgets that things are cooking.© iittala
Price: varies by item
Issey Miyake might be architects' favorite designer, with his clothing and accessories appearing on the arms of many a Biennale-goer. For those not interested by bags and textiles, perhaps this tableware collaboration with Finnish design purveyor Iittala might be a better fit. The collection comes in black, cream, and millenial pink - the perfect backdrop for any food instagrams.
- Architects: Dürig AG
- Location: Haldenacherstrasse 7, 8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland
- Lead Architects: Guillermo Dürig, Jean-Pierre Dürig, Noélie Ernst, Bettina Kimmig, Luiza Kitanishi, Irene Schlömer
- Area: 3230.0 m2
- Project Year: 2017
- Photographs: Ruedi Walti
- General Contractor: Uas unternehmen für architektur und städtebau ag, Zürich; Jean-Pierre Dürig, Bettina Kimmig
- Cost Planner: Anderegg Partner AG, Zürich; Sabir Aliu, Erich Linzenkirchner, Jennifer Probst, Sven Ungar, Marco Vanoni
- Landscape Architecture: Kuhn Landschaftsarchitekten GmbH, Zürich; Irina Glander, Ludivine Gragy, Stephan Kuhn
- Structural Engineer: Synaxis AG, Zürich; Thomas Lüthi, Andreas Scheiwiller
- Hvac Engineer: Amstein + Walthert AG, Zürich; Fatlum Arifi, Bernhard Dütschler, Selim Erikci, Tony Gmünder, Christoph Lüthi, Shayra Morgenegg, Salvatore Schipani, Dominik Schlauri
- Electrical Engineer: Amstein + Walthert AG, Zürich; Alfons Wyss, Agan Maliqi
- Physical Engineer: Amstein + Walthert AG, Zürich; Marcus Knapp, Valentina Zanotto
- Façade Planning: Feroplan Engineering AG, Bern; Christoph Gäumann
- Façade Planning, Fire Protection: Holzbaubüro Reusser GmbH, Winterthur; Hansbeat Reusser
- Geologist: Dr. Heinrich Jäckli AG, Zürich; Bernhard Gruber
- Client: Primarschule Birmensdorf
Text description provided by the architects. The pedagogical guidelines of the primary school in Birmensdorf led to an innovative and unique architectural interpretation. The room sequence stimulates the interaction amongst the different classrooms and offers openness, flexibility and versatility during class. The rooms are visually and physically connected to a continuous learning landscape. The staggering volume allows each classroom to have an additional façade, increasing natural lighting and solar gains. This measure leads to a structured and small-scale interior, creates places of retreat, generates learning niches and gives the students a feeling of security without compromising overall orientation.© Ruedi Walti
The placement of the building in the northeastern corner of the plot and the subtle slope allows the creation of a plinth. The main entrance is located here, oriented towards the existing school campus. The schoolyard is placed westerly. In case of a future expansion of the school, it is set to become the center of the Haldenacher schools. Public paths flow around the building and integrate it into the public network of paths and streets.Ground Floor Plan © Ruedi Walti First Floor Plan
As a reaction to the topography and conditioned by the arrangement of the functions, the building is divided into a base level and two upper floors. The window bands, running the length of the building, blur the threshold between interior and exterior space, giving the building a horizontal expression. The thickness of the concrete plinth increases towards the ground and acts as the counterweight to the cantilevering wood cladding of the upper floors. The entrances are marked by setbacks in the volume and the resulting cantilevers. Skylights, as well as chimneys, protrude from the flat roof and create, analogous to the volumetric expression of the project, a sculptural roofscape.© Ruedi Walti
The program is divided into two parts. The classrooms and multipurpose hall are situated on the upper floors, while the teachers’, therapy and music rooms are located on the ground floor. An additional entrance in the southeast corner of the building gives access to the latter rooms outside of school hours. The delivery entrance is reached from the Haldenacher street.© Ruedi Walti
The color and grain of the wood façade contrast with the sleek appearance of the white painted interior division walls. These walls function as noise absorbing surfaces and include cubicles and shelves, sinks, doors, niches for curtains and building equipment, wardrobes, and even rooms like toilets, secondary rooms, and the elevator. Glass walls with light, translucent curtains bridge the gap between the never touching expressive exterior façade and the calm interior walls. The centerpiece of the school are the four learning areas. They can be used in a flexible way, either as extended classrooms, as space for social interactions or as interior break rooms. A fireplace is located in the learning area on the first floor and marks the collective center of the school. It reinforces the coexistence of children and teachers and creates a homely atmosphere, which goes beyond the mere fulfillment of the purpose of a school.
- Architects: Michel Prégardien Architecture
- Location: Spa, Belgium
- Lead Architect: Michel Prégardien
- Stability: Cornet Maximilien
- Builder: Corman-Halleux
- Area: 250.0 m2
- Project Year: 2018
- Photographs: Defourny Samuel
Text description provided by the architects. Located on the outskirts of a rural entity, this single-family dwelling integrates in a contemporary language the typological codes of this one: perpendicular volume in direct contact with the street, simple volumes, entrance courtyard set back from the street, natural and raw material.© Defourny Samuel
The slight slope of the land is integrated by a set of stairs and outdoor terraces, setting the volume in its place and creating a complex architectural promenade that gradually takes the visitor into a tangle of beams and columns made of concrete and wood.© Defourny Samuel © Defourny Samuel
Thus, past the apparent simplicity of the exterior composition, the interior spaces reveal all their ambiguities: at the same time fully in contact with the outside but systematically hampered by columns, limited perspectives, built masses ... that create a feeling of indoor unit. This unit is further increased by the main staircase and openwork walkways that cross the two parts of the volumes and provide spatial continuity between the different spaces by their continuous material presence.Ground floor plan © Defourny Samuel First floor plan
The result of this composition is a constantly changing home (light, perspective, feeling ...) offering these inhabitants a daily renewal of their living environment.© Defourny Samuel
- Architects: Luís Peixoto
- Location: Rua Sá da Bandeira, Porto, Portugal
- Team: Rodrigo Gorjão Henriques, Luciana Rocha
- Area: 807.293 ft2
- Project Year: 2018
- Photographs: Arménio Teixeira
- Engineer: Eng Serra Moura, Eng. Rui Marrana
- Builder: Grupo M Caetano
- Clients: Gonçalo Paciência
Text description provided by the architects. This project consists in the transformation of a small apartment inserted in a building of the XIX century located in the historical center of Porto. Given the small dimension of the space and the customer's specifications to increase the useful area, the proposal is based on the design of a mezzanine over the central space, taking advantage of the high ceilings characteristic of the constructions of this period. This intermediate floor thus integrates a bedroom, an additional and open space over the living room, and above all private and separate. The lower floor develops into the living and dining room, which also includes the kitchen. The remaining service spaces like the bathroom and storage are concentrated in the surplus area, interior and under the bedroom.© Arménio Teixeira Plan 00 © Arménio Teixeira Plan 01
In terms of language, the project seeks to respect the history of the building, both by the predominance of wood and by the reinterpretation of some specific elements of the architecture of this time, namely the window shutters and the high skirtings. In addition, the design of the ceiling stands out on the mezzanine because goes back to the image of the Portuguese vernacular house. The "house within the house" is the concept of this project and the desire to enhance the space of this apartment with the domestic comfort characteristic of a detached house.© Arménio Teixeira
- Architects: Archimontage Design Fields Sophisticated
- Location: Bangkok, Thailand
- Architect In Charge: Cherngchai Riawruangsangkul, Akeanan Janeium, Suphot Klinaphai, Thanakit Wiriyasathit, Wuthikai Arponkul
- Area: 898.0 m2
- Project Year: 2018
- Photographs: Chalermwat Wongchompoo
- Interior Designer: Archimontage Design Fields Sophisticated
- Landscape Designer: Archimontage Design Fields Sophisticated
Text description provided by the architects. In the middle of Sukhumvit Soi 91 where business area connects to Bangkok eastern suburb, a two-story house of 898 square meters on the plot of 150 square wah land stands for a family of four, which may extend to six in the future. Considering the size of this property, utility space, including separate cleaning area for two housemaids on one side beside neighboring apartment, is spacious.© Chalermwat Wongchompoo
The house faces to northeastern. The width of a street in front of the house is 6 meters, rather narrow when compared to the house scale. This controls the building and positioning of a garage for six cars to run along the street for the convenience of the drivers. This property also has a mid-sized swimming pool and a small garden with a mid-sized tree. The roof of the garage is large enough to serve as an outdoor, multifunctional space for various activities. A tabernacle at one end of a swimming pool and a gym at the other end is connected by a long corridor, creating a volume of the entire place with a swimming pool as a center and house court.© Chalermwat Wongchompoo Section B © Chalermwat Wongchompoo
Since former residence of this family is a quiet condominium with a high level of privacy, serene atmosphere is needed for their new home too. The house is designed with a closed-off plan to maintain supreme privacy for busy townspeople. The wood lathe is used as main construction material not only for its durability and easy maintenance but also for its capacity to create a warm atmosphere. The structure of the house highlights lightness and transparency through upper and under planes, light roof and floor, and large mirror. The tone of tile and artificial stone creates a mood of harmony and calmness.© Chalermwat Wongchompoo
- Architects: KARO Architects
- Location: Yongin, South Korea
- Architect In Charge: Kijung Kim
- Design Team: Hyunyong Jo
- Area: 95.0 m2
- Project Year: 2017
- Photographs: Hyo sook Jin
Text description provided by the architects. The entry edge of a block house complex was shaped like a sharp triangle.
It was not easy to deploy an efficient plane. But behind the land was a small forested mountain. We decided to put the conditions of distribution in our plan as an advantage. In fact, the architect was looking for a site that was located on the mountain behind him and knew the value of the site. And the architect rejected the uniform design of the complex house and wanted to build his own house. To do so, they chose land that is only located at the beginning and away from the inside.
We set some rules. First, let's create an opening where the eyes are open, the second is to design a building's main program towards the hills, and the third is to protect privacy with a minimal opening at the entrance to the busy entrance and on the local roads.Second floor plan © Hyo sook Jin Section
Inside, they created a triangular staircase and skylights in the middle of the triangle. The vertical triangular copper wire and natural light placed at the center of the program are expected to always provide energy and positive energy to the home.
And three rooms are arranged in the shape of a bundle around a triangular staircase. Thanks to the shape of the bundle, different images will appear depending on the viewing angle.
- Architects: NATURALBUILD
- Location: Lin Gang New City, 88 Huanhu West 2nd Road, close to Haigang Avenue, Pudong, Shanghai, China
- Lead Architects: Yanfei Shui, Yichi Su, Yuanrong Ma
- Project Architect: Haibo He
- Design Team: Hanhua Xu, Xini Chai
- Project Year: 2017
- Photographs: Hao Chen
- Landscape Design: YIYU Design / Yifeng Lin
- Structural Engineer: AND Office / Zhun Zhang
- Client: Shanghai Harbour City Development (Grou) Co., Ltd
Text description provided by the architects. The pavilion is built for 2017 Shanghai Urban Space Art Season as part of an outdoor extension of the Lin Gang exhibition.Courtesy of NATURALBUILD Initial Concept Model. Image Courtesy of NATURALBUILD
Nowadays, natural geological constraints of the sites are often changed and manipulated by modern technology, and Lin Gang New City in an exemplary place. Standing on the largest hydraulic fill reclamation in history, one would find it difficult to comprehend whether it is liquid or solid, natural or artificial. Inspired by the super-scaled act of land filling, we became fascinated by the ambiguity between material states as well as the unpredictability and mysteriousness of this unprecedented event. This kind of “accidental nature” became the starting point of the pavilion’s design.© Hao Chen
We took the basic architectural prototype – canopy and column. The canopy is created by polyurethane foam: a heat insulating material that is usually hidden within architecture. Upon spraying, the foam rapidly hardens and expands, which gives it a bubble-like texture. The ambiguity of the foam’s material state gives users multiple ways of scalar interpretations.Material Study. Image Courtesy of NATURALBUILD
We first attempted to define the curving form of the canopy through parametric physic form finding and optimization, however the outcome was overly monotonous. Therefore we turned to other options to resolve the structural deformation. Through a series of specific experiments on the materials’ performance, the architects and the structural engineer decided to pick nylon net to reinforce the polyurethane foam body. Consequentially, a new type of construction method is created: pre-stressing the nylon net by anchoring weight to different area of the surface and then spraying polyurethane onto both sides of the net.© Hao Chen
The building method of the canopy contributed to two major benefits. Firstly, as the shell structure has already been “pre-distorted” by self-weight, therefore in theory, gravity will not cause another deformation as long as the boundary conditions remain the same; moreover, the process of pre-stressing was able to lower the risk of the polyurethane foam cracking. As a result, a lightweight pre-stressed shell structure became the canopy.Courtesy of NATURALBUILD
The following is the building process: before spraying the foam, we placed a numbers of inflated balls onto the nylon net and loaded each of them with different weight of sandbags. Through this process of elastic deformation, the pre-stressed property and the form of the canopy are generated. During the process of designing where to attach the sandbag weights, not only that we considered the structural integrity of the canopy, but also the users’ experience underneath the structure by articulating the sizes, quantities and positions of the inflated balls.Courtesy of NATURALBUILD
Meanwhile, we made structural analytical and optimization studies on the pavilion. Within an acceptable deflection range, the canopy is supported by 6 steel columns positioned on the edges of the structure with a maximum corner cantilever of 5m. Based on the theory of large deformation, we decided to use 50x50mm solid steel columns to support 80x6mm square hollow section beams that are directly connected to canopy structure.Courtesy of NATURALBUILD
In order to ensure the steel frame’s tolerance against lateral forces, we introduced steel rebars for the nylon net to attach to. As a result, forces transferred from the rebars to the frame become axial forces that in turns reinforce the canopy’s stability. Instead of pursuing for a form, the canopy’s extreme span and thinness are generated by the dimensions and locations of the supporting steel columns.Courtesy of NATURALBUILD
The combination of perceptions and precise calculations landed in a design that resembles “soft matter”. Its vague precision recreates a type of sensuous attendance that is lost in typical industrial constructions.Courtesy of NATURALBUILD
- Architects: Rieuldorang Atelier
- Location: Dongnae-gu, South Korea
- Lead Architects: Kim Seongyoul
- Design Staff: Bae, Seongyong
- Area: 229.0 m2
- Project Year: 2018
- Photographs: Yoon, Joonhwan
- Constructor: Manbul Construction
- Clients: Kang, Joonho
Text description provided by the architects. The client commissioned a cafe to share a large yard. And he asked me to build a house above the cafe to live with my family. The client wanted to use the logo 'VILLA VILLEKULLA' a cabin in which the Swedish TV program 'Pippi Longstocking' lived. So we designed the cabin to be symbolic from the standpoint of cafe branding.© Yoon, Joonhwan
In the case of buildings in which revenue should be generated, we believe that the feeling of building form or space should be linked to branding. We extended the wooden gable-shaped cabin out into a brand of cafe, and designed the inside with a similar atmosphere.© Yoon, Joonhwan First floor plan © Yoon, Joonhwan Second floor plan © Yoon, Joonhwan
The existing land had a one-story factory. Because of the lack of funds, the client decided to remodel the existing single-story factory, use it as a cafe, and build more houses upstairs. We spent a lot of time on structural design as we had to solve the Piloti structure and structural reinforcement of existing buildings that were created when we planned a two-story house twice as large as the first-floor factory. If it had been newly constructed, the columns under the Pilotis would not be needed, but the existing building structure was weak, so additional columns were inevitably planned.© Yoon, Joonhwan
- Architects: Linehouse
- Location: Shop B01-10, Basement One, Lee Garden Three, 1 Sunning Rd, Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
- Area: 700.0 m2
- Project Year: 2018
- Photographs: Johnathon Leijonhufvud
Text description provided by the architects. John Anthony is a contemporary dim sum restaurant located in Hong Kong. The concept for the restaurant is drawn from the historical figure John Anthony, the first Chinese man to be naturalized as a British citizen in 1805. John Anthony, an employee of the East India Company, embarked on the voyage from the East to West arriving in Limehouse, the east end docklands of London. There his job was to ensure lodgings and food for arriving Chinese sailors. He became the father of Limehouse’s Chinatown.© Johnathon Leijonhufvud
The design drew on John Anthony’s journey, exploring the fusion of architectural styles and materiality between East and West and colonial architecture blurred with eastern detailing, to create a British tea hall turned Chinese canteen.Section
Arriving guests are transported down a vertical staircase of white metal and back lit diffused glass. The entrance captures a glimpse of what is to come: terracotta render walls with a triple height arched ceiling clad in pink tiles, and a lime green terrazzo floor. Infinite reflections of the arches are captured in the high level mirrors.© Johnathon Leijonhufvud
The main dining hall in the restaurant is an interpretation of the storehouses in the docklands. The modern vaulted space plays on verticality, lightness and has a sense of whimsy with circular canopy columns in a dusty pink lacquer and white metal arches surrounded by terracotta render.© Johnathon Leijonhufvud
Linehouse plays on the retro nostalgia of the Chinese canteen, fusing this with colonial detailing captured in the details of the timber bar with glass vitrines, wicker leaners and furniture, and gold and maroon floral fabrics. A collection of infused gin tubes hang vertically above the bar, infused with blends of botanicals found along the Spice Routes.© Johnathon Leijonhufvud
At high level the arches are back lit with diffused glass, allowing for shifting light qualities throughout the day and night. This arched structure hovers above the bar displaying an expansive gin collection behind glass vitrines. A white metal structure hangs from the render ceiling reminiscent of an industrial storehouse, suspending custom timber tube lights. Bespoke hammered copper lights line the walls.© Johnathon Leijonhufvud
Beyond the dining hall, a series of arched spaces allow for more intimate dining. The arches are clad in handmade tiles in green and blue, framing views of the kitchen and the spaces beyond. These spaces can be screened for privacy from the main hall by turquoise curtains.© Johnathon Leijonhufvud © Johnathon Leijonhufvud
Linehouse explored the materials John Anthony would have encountered on his journey: hand glazed tiles, natural and racked renders, terracotta, hand dyed fabrics and hand woven wickers.© Johnathon Leijonhufvud © Johnathon Leijonhufvud
The private dining rooms are lined in hand-painted tiles featuring large scale illustrations of commodities traded between the British and Chinese in the 18th century such as medicinal poppies and exotic animals. The room is enveloped by a hand racked arched plaster ceiling. Reclaimed terracotta tiles pave the main dining hall, sourced from abandoned houses in rural China.© Johnathon Leijonhufvud
An intimate room behind the bar welcomes guests to be seated on floral booth seats, allowing glimpses of the bartenders beyond. Cream linen curtains hang on a copper rail, dividing each booth and billowing hand dyed indigo linen envelops the ceiling recalling nautical qualities.© Johnathon Leijonhufvud
The bathrooms reference the spice trade, with a custom laminate in green, mustard, and turquoise framing the space, custom copper mounted vanities, and a green arched ceiling. Recycled plastic tubes line the ceiling of the bathroom stalls.© Johnathon Leijonhufvud
At the heart of the venue is a sustainable message, woven into every aspect of the interior and operations. From upcycling wasted plastic and paper into coasters and menus, to tiling floors with reclaimed terracotta and using highly sustainable rattan, every element incorporates an eco-friendly or ethical initiative. The kitchen uses traceable ingredients from sustainable food suppliers and employs equipment to reduce energy usage. Wines and spirits are sourced from environmentally responsible vineyards and craft distilleries.© Johnathon Leijonhufvud
- Architects: TZANNES
- Location: Sídney, Australia
- Lead Architects: TZANNES
- Design Architect: Mladen Prnjatovic
- Project Architect: Connor Denyer, Thomas Hale
- Associate: Bruce Chadlowe
- Area: 290.0 m2
- Project Year: 2018
- Photographs: Katherine Lu
- Builder: Artechne
- Engineer: SDA Structures
- Landscape: Kate Mitchell
- Interiors: Tzannes (living room furniture and rugs)
- Lighting: Light:Practice
- Construction Manager: Chris Turner
- Hydraulic Consultant: David Wood
Text description provided by the architects. Designed for a family of two parents, a grandparent, two adult children, one girlfriend, and two dogs, this new inter-generational 290 sq m home in the eastern suburbs of Sydney was an opportunity for us to rethink the ‘art of living well’ in the context of a typical flat suburban block (1/2 of quarter acre).© Katherine Lu
Light-filled and airy, this dwelling re-imagines the suburban home and experiments with new modes of multi-generational living….© Katherine Lu
Located about nine kilometres from the centre of Sydney, the surrounding suburb is sandy and suburban, defined by inter-war bungalows in red and liver coloured brick. The usual form of renovation on this kind of site is to build boundary to boundary, in a way that leaves the residents with limited access to sunlight, reduces visual and acoustic privacy, and provides little cross ventilation.© Katherine Lu
We set out to redefine the suburban paradigm with a design that provides optimal amenity, careful space planning, activates the entire site and creates a flowing series of interconnected indoor and outdoor spaces that open onto an expansive garden and pool at the rear of the house. A main consideration was for the three generations of this family to be able to live together, yet have privacy, so ‘that a lot of people can be together in the house without feeling that they are on top of each other. ‘1st floor plan
Equally importantly in this suburban context, where the surrounding houses are often densely packed together, we wanted to make a house that would be ‘polite’ to its neighbours, respectful of their privacy and amenity, yet one which makes a statement that good design matters.© Katherine Lu
Initially, we investigated working with the existing building. However, that was dismissed because the original ridged and unarticulated plan meant the required amenity and solar access could not be achieved. Instead, only the existing pool and garden at the rear of the block were retained, with a new internal courtyard inserted to the north to ensure direct sunlight in midwinter.© Katherine Lu
The clients’ brief called for the main bedroom, ensuite and wardrobe to be located on the ground floor, so that the parents can live on one level only. The remaining bedrooms are on the second floor, east facing, along with a shared bathroom, study and a second living room, designed to enable multigenerational living in the house.© Katherine Lu
Our architectural language is deliberately minimal, with the white bagged brick base and a dark lightweight rooftop with large dormer windows that is both functional and bold/provocative in the otherwise rather bland streetscape. The bulk of the second floor is minimized by the roof form, its materiality and the use of the dormers. The interiors palette is robust and economical, with off form concrete, exposed timber rafters and white walls designed to complement the surrounding garden.© Katherine Lu
Early and proper integration of passive and active design elements was essential to reducing built cost and minimizing running expenditure. We aimed to have no sun on glass in summer, yet give generous solar access to south facing living rooms and make effective use of cross ventilation. Passive elements include the way the building is oriented, deeply recessed windows, deep overhangs, building openings that maximise cross ventilation, and ceilings on the top floor that extract hot air at high level and wind driven ventilators. Active elements include operable external blinds, power boosted roof fans, energy efficient A/C, high grade insulation and carefully selected colors and materials.
- Architects: REISARCHITETTURA
- Location: Via IV Novembre, 58, 31058 Ponte Della Priula TV, Italy
- Lead Architects: Arch. Nicola Isetta, Arch. Paola Rebellato
- Area: 4800.0 m2
- Project Year: 2018
- Photographs: Alessandra Bello
- Client: CE.VI.V Srl
Text description provided by the architects. The project involves the enlargement of CEVIV winery in Susegana (Treviso) in two phases. The first provides a new office building and an open-air platform for 20 wine-tanks and autoclaves, the second another platform for 24 new tanks. The project main idea is to have the facade of the office's block and the enclosure of the platforms with the same cladding, in order to have a “volume” with a unique treatment.© Alessandra Bello Plan © Alessandra Bello
The solution we chose is a cladding with green-colored perforated aluminum sheets to recall the logo of the firm. The perforated panels allow slight see-through playing with transparency and light. The holes of the perforated panels have different sizes making the facade vibrant and multi-hued. The base of the platforms is a solid concrete wall poured on foam matrix resulting in a striped texture like a cut stone in the cave. The office's block has three floors plus a terrace on the roof.© Alessandra Bello
The glazed ground floor has a step back from the higher floors which are cantilever on south and west side. A glazed atrium with lift connects to the existing winery, from here you gain access to all the office's floors, to the existing warehouse and to the new wine-tanks platform. On the ground floor, there is a reception and a laboratory, on the first floor an open-space office and a closed master-office, while on the second floor there is a small tasting room and an apartment for the keeper.© Alessandra Bello